The Daily Travel Pass is great for visiting tourist locations and other places of interest.
It is valid on the trams, trolley buses and local buses in and around Szeged city centre.
The Correct Change Bureau De Change, located at Tisza Lajos Körút 57 (Szeged city centre), has excellent exchange rates. They have branches in Budapest too.
It's worth taking a tram/bus into the city centre because you will still receive more money than outside the city centre.
The Little Train departs from the town hall in Széchenyi Tér every hour (peak times) and takes you around the back streets and certain landmarks of Szeged. A journey of 40-45 Minutes.
The ticket office is on the right-hand side of the front of the bus station in Mars Tér, Szeged.Mars Tér Bus Station
Mars Tér bus station is the main starting point and coach terminal for many journeys/routes across Hungary.
If you want to check other bus routes, and timetables, leaving from Szeged and other parts of Hungary use this 'bus routes checker' website.Bus Routes Checker Website
It details other bus companies besides Volánbusz, which means you have a wider selection of tourist trips!
Trams #1 and #2 terminate at Szeged Train Station - Tram #1 departs from Szeged Plaza and Tram #2 departs from Európa Liget.Szeged Tram Stop
Make sure you have a valid tram ticket as ticket inspectors do travel on these tram routes frequently.
Taxi companies in Szeged charge more or less the same price per km/mile and can normally be found in the city centre and near Szeged train station.Radio Taxi Szeged
Radio Taxis and Tempo Taxis are the two well known firms.Tempo Taxi Szeged
Tempo's website is in English, details its prices and tells you the whereabouts of its taxi stands. All very important info for the "Foreigner".
Szeged also has a bicycle hire scheme like in London (UK), which is great for sightseeing and exercise purposes.
Bicycle hire is 200 HUF per hour or 1800 HUF per day.
OFFI Hungarian TranslatorsOFFI is the official Hungarian agency that deals with Hungarian/English translation/interpreter work.
OFFI offer voice-over services as well as written document work.
This web page has been created primarily for those thinking of buying and renting out a property in Szeged whereby they first need to visit some of Szeged's main, free and pay-for, tourist sights and attractions in order to then highlight them to their future potential tenants in the hope of creating a better business and/or better income from them.
In some cases I have created separate web pages for certain tourist sights and attractions, that can be seen by clicking on their respective link below, while dedicating this web page to summarising the attractions in and around the main squares - Dóm Tér (Cathedral Square), Széchenyi Tér and Dugonics Tér.
Anna Fürdő (Thermal Spa) - Botanical Garden - Móra Ferenc Museum
National Theatre - New Synagogue - Pick Salami Museum - Reök Palace
Napfényfürdõ Aquapolis (Swimming & Water Slides Centre) - Szeged Zoo
Szent István Tér (Water Tower)
NOTE WELL - The purpose of this web page and its separate, linked, web pages are not intended for those looking for a complete reference to the history of a tourist attraction, but serve more as an introduction of what to expect from a tour guide for example and what the basis might be for a visit.
In most cases each attraction has plenty of information about it on the Internet, for those wanting more knowledge, so instead of churning out the same old information I decided to visit each attraction instead to give you a 'what to see and do' review of them; as opposed to history lessons.
Szeged has many beautiful squares dotted in and around its city centre, including the Dóm Tér (Cathedral Square) that is easily recognised by its huge neo-romanesque brown bricked twin clock spired Votive Church, the Saint Demetrius Tower (Szeged's oldest historical monument), the Szeged University campus and the National Pantheon of over 100 Statues that represent prominent people who have contributed towards Hungarian art, literature and science among other things. A statue of Scotsman Adam Clark is there. He supervised the construction of Budapest’s Chain Bridge.
Dóm Tér is the main university square surrounded by religious buildings
Artists, Writers, Builders, Politicians, Scientists, etc who have contributed to HU
In 1920 all the buildings in the vicinity were torn down to give way to the then modern square, which was built according to the designs of architect Béla Rerrich Wiki PageBéla Rerrich (25.07.1881 - 23.02.1932). Besides its rich history, these days the square is known for hosting the annual, summer Open-Air Theatre festival that celebrates opera and theatre; featuring new performances as well as returning favourites. Throughout the year it also hosts a wine festival combined with arts/crafts stalls and doubles up as a meeting point for students, tourists and residents.
Votive Church serves as both a Roman Catholic ('Lady of the Hungarians') Cathedral and Parish Church. Its construction began in 1913, but was not completed until October 1930 due to the outbreak of World War I. It is Hungary's fourth largest church, which was redesignated as a Cathedral some time between 1923 and 1930.
The Votive Church sits between the two clock towers in Dóm Tér
Inside you can see the 9,000+ piped organ, a stained (painted) glass of the Virgin Mary dressed in shepherd's felt cloak and Szeged slippers, and a statue of ‘Christ On The Cross’ by sculptor János Fadrusz Wiki PageJános Fadrusz (02.09.1858 - 26.10.1903) who won the main prize at the Paris World’s Fair in 1900. If you need to know more about the church's history I definitely recommend using a tour guide.
Even if you are not religious I would recommend a visit, which is free, just see the beautiful, ornate, paintings around the walls. It has the same WOW factor as the new synagogue. Unfortunately the church is very low lit, so taking photos that show its true beauty is near impossible.
CHURCH ADMISSION: FREE
GROUP TOURS: 5,300 HUF - Tours in Hungarian, English, German and French should be booked in advance.
English MASS - Dömötör Chapel: Sunday 5pm.
OPENING TIMES (Parish Office)
Monday & Wednesday: 8am - 12pm / 2pm - 4pm
Tuesday, Thursday & Friday: 8am - 12pm
Saturday - Sunday
OPENING TIMES (Sacristy)
Monday - Saturday: 6.15am - 8am / 4pm - 7pm
Sunday: 7:30am -12:30pm / 4pm - 7pm
In front of the Votive Church (on its left-side) is St Demetrius (Dömötör) Tower, named in honour of 4th century Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki, recognisable by its 12th century Roman styled square base and 13th century Gothic styled octagonal upper floors that are split into three levels of sixteen windows. Two windows on each octagonal side, making 48 windows in total. The tower used to be six floors but the last upper two were demolished during the construction of the fourth. The tower has been rebuilt many times over the centuries.
The tower was once part of the medieval church called Szent Dömötör Templom (St. Demetrius Church), thought to have been built in the 11th century, whose ruins were only discovered in the 18th century when the cathedral square was being redesigned. Its ruins were subsequently cleared and later restored (rebuilt) to a design by Béla Rerrich Wiki PageBéla Rerrich (25.07.1881 - 23.02.1932).
Saint Demetrius Tower has been fully restored
In 1931 the square base (ground floor) had a wrought iron gate entrance made for it, called 'the gate of life', decorated with the symbols of religious liturgy (an artwork by Saint Demetrius Tower Wiki PageJános Bille) so that the tower could then be turned into a Baptismal Chapel. Above that gate entrance used to be the oldest sculpture in Szeged, the "Kőbárány" (Stone Lamb), until it was replaced by a replica in 1991.
Inside the Roman and Gothic architectured tower you will find on its wall the Vilmos Aba-Novák Wiki PageVilmos Aba-Novák (15.03.1894 - 29.09.1941) mural painted (fresco) 'Baptism of Christ', which the artist won a gold medal for in 1932 in the Padua church art exhibition. Its inner walls and fresco were in bad condition until a recent preservation and restoration project took place (2016-2017).
TOWER ADMISSION: 650 HUF (Adult), 400 HUF (Student/Pensioner). 10% discount for groups with more than 20 members and 20% discount for groups with more than 50 members.
CRYPT ADMISSION: 200 HUF
The Serbian Orthodox Church is located on the northeast side of Dóm Tér. It was built in a neo-classical style between 1773-1778 in honour of Saint Nicholas and to serve the Serbian community, with its tower being built much later in 1835. The church was allowed to be built within the castle walls of Szeged out of respect for the Serbians who through the 18th and 19th centuries were a great commercial help to Szeged and its surrounding regions. The Serbians have actually been in Szeged since medieval times.
Inside is a fantastic iconostasis (wall/partition made up of religious paintings/icons), made by János Popovics, separating the sanctuary (where the priest officiates) from the nave (main area within the church, whose middle section leads up to the high altar). In this church's case the baroque iconostasis is known as the 'Gold Tree' because it's built in the form of a tree with the paintings/icons set as branches. As well as the iconostasis there are various majestic murals and statues to see inside the church.
Dóm Tér is where you will also find the Somogyi Library Wiki PageSomogyi Library, which houses the Csongrád County Archives WebsiteCsongrád County Archives that include the founder Somogyi Károly Wiki PageSomogyi Károly's (01.04.1811 - 20.03.1888) monumental book collection and the Municipal Library.
On the east side of Dóm Tér is the Roman Catholic Diocesan Museum (of Szeged-Csanád) and Treasury - An exhibition of fine, diverse, extremely valuable, liturgical (public worship) objects, monstrances, pieces of art and other church objects from the earliest times to the 19th century that derive from religious orders, village maintained churches, city parishes and so on. They are all from Csongrád and Békés County as the diocese has been operating in this area since 1993.
The fine collection of liturgical objects include a crown reliquary (relics shrine/container) in a case adorned with enamel discs (c 1210), a 12th century portable altar decorated with ivory plaques, an arm-reliquary of St Adrian (c 1238), a 13th century silver-gilt statue of St Blaise, a Mosan figure of the Virgin Mary (c 1220), a splendid 'Kiss of Peace' in enamelled and gilded silver, depicting a crucifixion scene (early 14th century), as well as gold and silverware (i.e. chalices) and sculptures.
On the south side of Dóm Tér, above the rooms, you will notice a musical clock on the wall. It was built in 1935 by watchmaker Ferenc Csúri and first heard at the Open Air Festival in 1936. When it plays at 12:15pm and 5:45pm each day you will see wooden figurines come out. They were carved by József Kulai and modelled on famous Hungarian people such as Kúnó Klébersberg, András Dugonics, Kelemen Mikes, Sándor Petőfi and István Vedres.
The clock also chimes (plays the song 'Szeged hírös város' - Szeged is a famous city) on the hour and has a ritual service at the end of the student academic year whereby the university council and graduating students all walk in front of the clock and sing the well-known Hungarian student song 'Ballag már a vén diák' - The old student is saying farewell.
Before the flood of 1879 Dugonics Tér, named after the Piarist (Catholic teaching) Priest, Writer and University Professor András Dugonics Wiki PageAndrás Dugonics (17.10.1740 - 25.07.1818), used to be a Wheat market. These days though the square is used for cultural events such as arts and crafts fairs, live music events and children's entertainment. It also acts as a meeting point for tourists, students and residents alike, with the principal building of Szeged University Wiki PageSzeged University being in the square.
The statue of András Dugonics - created by Miklós Izsó Wiki PageMiklós Izsó (09.09.1831 - 29.05.1875) and finished by Adolf Huszár Wiki PageAdolf Huszár (18.06.1843 - 21.01.1885) - erected from public donations in 1876, sees him holding the first Hungarian language written novel; his best-selling novel 'Etelka', a love story written in 1788. His statue was the first statue to be erected in a public place of Szeged. It originally stood where the 'Water Music' fountain is today, but was moved in 1979 to make way for that new 'Water Music' fountain, which was built as a monument to mark the centenary of the Great Flood of 1879.
Dugonics Tér statues - Albert Szent Györgyi - András Dugonics - Attila József
Also in Dugonics Square, just outside the university building, is a bronze statue of Poet József Attila Wiki PageJózsef Attila (11.04.1905 - 03.12.1937); a student of the university between 1924 and 1925. Apart from his internationally recognised poetry, I think you will find his life story a very fascinating read too (read the linked Wiki page).
The statue of nobel-prized scientist (biochemist) Albert Szent-Györgyi Wiki PageAlbert Szent-Györgyi (16.09.1893 - 22.10.1986), erected in 2013, who was named as an honorary doctor of the university on several occasions, stands in the corner of the square. He is credited with discovering Ascorbic Acid, otherwise known as Vitamin C, which enables the human body to efficiently use carbohydrates, fats, and protein.
Dugonics Tér used to be a farmers market, now used for music/festival events.
If you want a really nice, very addictive, ice cream I can highly recommend the Dugonics KisvendegloDugonics Étterem on the side of Dugonics Tér. It is also where the tourism office is located. The étterem serves excellent, affordable, coffee, soups and meals too. It is also worthwhile exploring the side streets leading off Dugonics Tér because that is where you will find some really nice shops, bars and clubs - Visit my Szeged NightsSzeged Nights web page for more information.
Széchenyi Tér is the largest square in Szeged's city centre. It comprises of a beautiful Landscaped Park with water fountain surrounded by trees. You will also find the Post Office, neo-baroque styled City Hall (built in 1799) and various statues of important/famous Hungarian contributors such as István Széchenyi Wiki PageIstván Széchenyi (Politician, Writer and Reformer), Vásárhelyi Pál Wiki PageVásárhelyi Pál (Water Engineer), Kuno Von Klebelsberg Wiki PageKuno Von Klebelsberg (Minister of Culture / Education Reformer) and Tisza Lajos Wiki PageTisza Lajos (Minister who had the task of rebuilding Szeged after its great flood in 1879).
Széchenyi Tér has many statues, but these three are the more prominent ones
Away from the history: These days Széchenyi Tér is used as a park to relax in and to meet up with friends; as well as hosting the annual Szeged Festivalswine festival for example. There are also shops, bar and cafés dotted in and around the square's side streets. The buildings that surround the park, such as the town hall, and the statues are worth viewing with a tour guide; especially if you want to learn more about Szeged in general. Széchenyi Tér is also a centre point because you can get to most of the other tourist attractions within 3 to 8 minutes of it (see my Time Recordings - Szeged Tourist Sightsactual time recordings).