Just in case you have stumbled across this section of the Living In Hungary websiteLiving In Hungary website, looking for information about Great Britain in terms of settling down in England (UK), let me introduce you to the English Lifestyle.
The first things you should know about are the four main countries that make up the United Kingdom (UK) of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and they are:
England Wiki Web PageEngland, Wales Wiki Web PageWales, Scotland Wiki Web PageScotland and Northern Ireland Wiki Web PageNorthern Ireland.
Over the centuries these four independent countries have been battled over whereby the following were subsequently formed - Britain (England and Wales, 1284), Great Britain (England, Wales and Scotland, between 1535 and 1542) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, 1801).
In 1921 Northern Ireland was created, as a split from Southern Ireland, whereby we now have the title: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland); or The UK as it is better known.
SCOTLAND is North and ENGLAND is South, with WALES and IRELAND in the West.
England (Population: 53+ Million. Language: English. Capital: London Wiki Web PageLondon) is bordered with Wales (Population: 3+ Million. Languages: Welsh and English. Capital: Cardiff Wiki Web PageCardiff) to the west and Scotland (Population: 5+ Million. Language: Scottish and English. Capital: Edinburgh Wiki Web PageEdinburgh) to the north. There is no border with Ireland (Population: 4+ Million. Languages: Irish and English. Capital: Dublin Wiki Web PageDublin. Capital of Northern Ireland: Belfast Wiki Web PageBelfast) to the west simply because Ireland is a separate island. The main religion of the UK is Christianity, with Roman Catholic being the main branch.
Although London is the capital and famous for its Tourism, Royal History and Nightlife, other cities, towns and counties in England are equally worth exploring:
Just like Hungary, where the focus is on the capital Budapest and rarely on the other cities, towns and villages, it is the same with the England (UK). The focus is always on and about London when there are other places of interests in and around England (UK).
For the purpose of government and local authority/council administration (i.e. housing, council tax, social benefits, elections, right to vote and nhs), England (UK) has been divided into the following land-area hierarchy over the centuries:
In recent decades this hierarchy has been changed slightly, to accommodate Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Counties and County Towns for example. Although this does not affect you directly, you should at least know your property's current location in terms of approaching the correct borough when applying for a school place and/or car parking space for example.
As an example of the above - I could live in the town called Beeston, that is within the borough (area of town) called Broxtowe, that is within the City of Nottingham, that is within the county of Nottinghamshire, that is within the region of England (UK) called the East Midlands. Furthermore, I would approach the borough of Broxtowe about school and council tax matters and buy a bus pass to travel around the City of Nottingham. I would also get planning permission from the City of Nottingham local council (City Council) to build an extension of my property. I would be a voter from the East Midlands.
The old stereotype of English food is one of being tasteless (bland) food, but over the decades English food (traditionally Potato, Meat, Fish, Vegetables, Sandwiches, Pies, Biscuits and Cakes) has been influenced by imported ingredients from around the world whereby you can now eat, more or less, any food from any country; which is especially true if you live in London (UK).
Although Fish & Chips is still a traditional take-away meal, still promoted in tourist areas and served in restaurants, so is the Indian Curry, Italian Pizza, Chinese Food and Shish/Doner Kebab (Middle Eastern/Mediterranean). If you visit certain parts of the UK, you will also find local food such as the Cornish Pasty (a pie from Cornwall) and Devonshire Scone (a form of Cake).
The Scone is fascinating because it causes division in the country! Some pronounce it Scon (rhythms with gone) while others pronounce it Scone (rhythms with stone). It can be served with jam on the bottom and clotted cream on top, but many will argue it should be served the other way around. Either way, you normally have it with a small pot of tea; to make a Cream Tea (Afternoon Tea).
In these times of world travel, migration and people settling down in different countries, London (UK) now accommodates more than 270 nationalities and 300 languages; very diverse in race, religion, language and culture. And in the rest of England (UK) you will find native English speakers with many different accents and dialects. The accent of a person from Birmingham is completely different to that of a person from Newcastle, Bristol or Liverpool. In Nottingham the word money is pronounced Mun-Neh instead of Mun-Nee.
If you are talking about Great Britain as a whole, Irish, Scottish, Welsh and English people sound completely different from one another; even though they speak the same English language. On top of this, you will hear many "Foreign" voices in Great Britain too. And as a "Foreigner" you will have to get used to those different accents, which isn't easy even for an English person trying to understand a Scottish person. We often joke that you need subtitles or a translator when listening to a Scotsman!
You will find citizens of England very friendly, polite, helpful people in general. More so outside of London. The problem with London is that it's not as community based as the rest of England, simply because of the many "Foreigners" living there who cannot speak English and/or do not know anyone in London. They do not always know their neighbours and only speak to them on a "Hello" basis (usually when coming in and out of their front door only). Outside of London people generally know of their neighbours, talk to them any where, know their local shop keepers, join in with community activities and talk to strangers on the bus; about the weather!
As an example of the just said: In London you ask someone "Excuse me. Do you have change for the bus" with a £1 coin in your hand. The response varies, but you will be look upon as a con-artist simply because they have been scammed so many times with fake money and other scams that they no longer trust people.
Waiting for a bus in Nottingham and asking "Do you have change for the bus?" is a different story completely. As you reach into your pocket for the £1 coin and ask "Do you have", one or more people are already searching their purse or wallet for some change. It is the same on the buses. People thank the driver and will offer you change. In London they do not. Sadly, London has become a "I am too busy", every person for themselves, selfish society.
You will also find people outside of London more practical. In London they will hire a van to move home, even if they only need to move one mile away with a cupboard, fridge and suitcases whereas outside of London they will not hesitate to carry those items themselves, one by one on a trolley for example, one mile. They might even get a friend, who has a van, to help them whereas in London they probably will not have a friend, with a van, per se!
British people like to drink, especially when there is an excuse to! Although the pub culture is slowly dying because of cheaper canned lager for example, what you will find is that many people (old and young) drink cans in their home throughout the week and then visit a pub, restaurant and/or club at the weekends. Be careful though! Outside of London, in the other major cities, people over drink whereby there are street fights, police and mayhem; classed as a "normal Saturday Night out"! If you are not used to it, it can be quite strange and scary.
In terms of overall behaviour, attitude and so on, away from the drink, you will find Sad, Happy, Funny, Intelligent, Stupid, Kind, Passionate, Boring, Lazy, Hard Working, etc people in England (UK). As you meet new people, learn more about their language and culture, and visit their country, you begin to realise all countries and nationalities have the same types of people in them. So when meeting English people for the first time just be yourself and treat them like you would your fellow countrymen; with respect.