Cooking Measurements, Weights And Sizes

Gas Marks - Celsius - Fahrenheit - Fan-Oven Temperatures

After consulting various cook books, famous cooking websites and so on, the following oven temperatures and weights appear as common, acceptable, measurements and conversions in the UK and elsewhere within the European Union (EU).

NOTE: Although all the resources I looked at stated the same 'gas mark to fahrenheit' oven temperatures for example, they differed slightly in celsius - Some resources stated gas mark 3 as 160 celsius while other resources stated gas mark 3 as 170 celsius, but all stated the same celsius for gas marks 1 and 2 and gas marks 4 to 9.

Oven TEMPERATURES

Gas Mark Celsius (°C) Fahrenheit (°F) Fan-Oven Comments
1 140 275 120 Cool
2 150 300 130
3 160 - 170 325 150 Moderate
4 180 350 160
5 190 375 170 Moderately Hot
6 200 400 180
7 220 425 200 Hot
8 230 450 210
9 240 - 250 475 220 Very Hot

NOTE: Although the measurements, weights and sizes (MWS) below have also been decided upon using various cooking resources, I have also used the plastic measuring spoon MWS found in the £1 and €1 shops; which are commonly used by the general public in the UK as well as in Europe.

Furthermore, regardless of whether or not various international MWS differ, I always try and state the recipes on this website in mililitres (ml) wherever possible; regardless if those mililitres convert to an American Cup size, Imperial English cup size or whatever. In other words, a mililitre is a mililitre, a gram is a gram and so on.

Ingredient MEASUREMENTS

Measurement/Weight/Size Mililitre Comments
¼ Cup 60ml
Cup 80ml
½ Cup 125ml
1 Cup 250ml
2 Cups 500ml
3 Cups 750ml
4 Cups 1000ml / 1 Litre
   
½Tablespoon 7.5ml
1 Tablespoon 15ml
   
¼Teaspoon 1.25ml
½Teaspoon 2.5ml
1 Teaspoon 5ml
   
1 Pint 568ml

Utensil CAPACITIES

Utensil Inches Centimeters Capacity Comments
Baking Tin 8 x 8 x 2 20 x 20 x 5 2 Litres Square Or Rectangle
Baking Tin 9 x 9 x 2 23 x 23 x 5 2.5 Litres Square Or Rectangle
Baking Tin 12 x 8 x 2 30 x 20 x 5 3 Litres Square Or Rectangle
Baking Tin 13 x 9 x 2 33 x 23 x 5 3.5 Litres Square Or Rectangle
 
Bread Pan 8 x 4 x 3 20 x 10 x 7 1.5 Litres Rectangle
Bread Pan 9 x 5 x 3 23 x 13 x 7 2 Litres Rectangle
 
Cake Tin 8 x 1½ 20 x 4 1.2 Litres Round
Cake Tin 9 x 1½ 23 x 4 1.5 Litres Round
 
Pie Plate 8 x 1¼ 20 x 3 750ml
Pie Plate 9 x 1¼ 23 x 3 1 Litre

With the world conversion systems being such a quagmire, due to fahrenheit versus celsius versus kelvin, and USA cooking MWS (measurements, weights and sizes) such as liquids versus powders being different to the UK cooking MWS for example (not to mention country humidity and kitchen room temperature, which can play a part in the cooking process), you should always stick to the MWS used in the recipe's country (i.e. in the country of the recipe author/s) where and when applicable.


FAN OVEN ADVICE
TILDA BASMATI RICE
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